Gardenia jasminoides – a wonderful plant with beautiful flowers that have a delicate, extremely pleasant aroma. Flowers are large, terry, with delicate petals. Beautiful leaves, dark green, smooth, shiny. Many flower growers dream of having it at home.
And what care does gardenia jasmine need at home? After all, with proper care gardenia blooms profusely and almost continuously throughout the year. The question is not easy, because gardenia is very capricious.
This beauty comes from the subtropics, grows naturally in Japan, China and South Africa. It is possible to create conditions close to natural, of course, only in greenhouse, but also in home conditions it is possible to provide to gardenia quite enough care that allows to admire beauty of this plant.
Basic rules of care for Gardenia jasminoides
The main advantage of gardenia, of course, pale creamy terry flowers, which contrast sharply with the dark green leaves and have a charming delicate scent. For bloom, it is necessary to withstand the temperature. Because gardenia is native to the subtropics, it needs a winter temperature drop to 16-18 C degrees. In summer, the most comfortable temperature is about 25 C degrees. Gardenia tolerates a sharp drop in temperature.
Watering and spraying
Gardenia is sensitive to watering and humidity. The plant should be sprayed as often as possible, especially in summer. It is also necessary to watering in sufficient quantities. In summer the soil should always be a little moist, in winter between waterings should dry a little, but not dry out. And at any time, gardenia can die if there is regular watering of the roots. Water from the pan must be drained some time after watering.
Water, especially for spraying, should be soft, so as not to form stains on a beautiful smooth leaf and salt does not accumulate in the soil. Every two weeks it is recommended to add a few drops of lemon juice to the water for irrigation. You can also infuse water with peat to watering gardenia, for example, immerse in a bottle with water for watering a gauze bag with peat. Periodically, the peat in the bag needs to be changed.
Gardenia propagated by young, not yet woody cuttings, cut in February – March, when the shoots begin to grow. For better rooting (gardenia rooting is very difficult), it is recommended to use heated soil. Also, the cuttings are well rooted in the soil without heating, but in a warm room, if you cover the plant stem with a transparent bag or jar, while sufficiently moisturizing once a day, but do not flood the soil, removing just for a minute the package or bank. Of course, you can use special agents for rooting stimulation, such as heteroauxin (Indole-3-acetic acid).
Soil and transplanting
Gardenia jasminoides is also very demanding to the soil. It likes slightly acidic soils. You should buy a special soil mixture in the store or make it yourself. To make it, take peat, sand, coniferous, sod and leaf soil in equal quantities.
Gardenia transplanted in March – April every 2 years. Very young plants can be transplanted in a year. When you planting the plant, use drainage.
Gardenia responds gratefully to top dressing. Fertilizers for flowering plants are applied in spring and summer. Also, once or twice a season, it is necessary to make in the soil and add to the water for spraying fertilizers containing iron, such as iron chelate.
What specifications of gardenia growing are important
During flowering gardenia should be sprayed with extreme caution, because the water leaves stains on petals. Instead of spraying, you can moisten the air around the plant with a fine spray.
In winter and in general in cold weather you need to get rid of drafts in the place with plant. Also, do not overheat or overcool the roots of gardenia, do to put it on a cold floor or over a hot battery.
In home conditions, gardenia is unlikely to grow above 40-50 cm. In the process of growth it is necessary to form the crown of the bush.
Gardenia does not like to move from place to place and change its light during the formation of buds, and they can fall down without blooming.
Also, the buds fall down with a sharp drop of temperature during flowering.